Stretching its territory on of five countries – Botswana, Angola, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe – the new protected area will measure 440,000 square kilometers, almost three-quarters the size of Texas. The protected area combines 36 individual nature preserves and the land around them.
KAZA (Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area)avango is home to 44% of Africa’s elephants, 600 plant species and 3,000 bird species and also houses Victoria Falls (one of the largest waterfalls in the world) and the Okavango Delta in Botswana, a wetland that hosts hundreds of bird species, crocodiles, rhinoceroses, lion, leopards and many species of African mammals, including the African wild dogs.
Protection of nature in this region will be a difficult task because the large surface of KAZA, and due to growth of human population, WWF estimating that 1.5 million people depend on the resources within the conservation area.
However, there is hope that the establishment of the conservation system will reopen sometimes animal migration routes and boost border cooperation to protect vulnerable species.